Ratification Day on January 14th annually recognizes the act the officially ended the American Revolution. The day commemorates the ratification of the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784, at the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland by the Confederation Congress.
Since the Declaration of Independence was signed, nearly eight years had passed. Through the treaty, Great Britain recognizes the United States as a sovereign entity. It is the most enduring premise of the treaty. The treaty also defined boundaries, specifically the Northwest Territory which included Ohio and rich prairie land of Indiana and Illinois. Michigan, Wisconsin, and parts of Minnesota were also included. Several of the nation’s founding fathers negotiated the peace treaty, including John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin.
- The Confederation Congress issued a proclamation on April 11, 1783, “Declaring the cessation of arms” against Great Britain.
- Congress approved the preliminary articles of peace on April 15, 1783.
- The Confederation Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784.